Following dental surgery, antibiotics are typically prescribed to prevent bacterial infection. However, there is a growing concern that frequent antibiotic use can cause bacteria to become resistant to antibiotic effects. For this reason, researchers are seeking alternatives to antibiotic use. New research suggests that cannabinoids may be an option in dental practice to prevent postoperative complications.
In this small study, the effectiveness of a phytocannabinoid-CBD gel was compared to traditional antibiotics following oral surgery. For seven days, patients were treated with CBD or the antibiotic amoxicillin and several postoperative outcomes were measured daily, including pain, swelling, and healing.
Results indicated that the cannabinoid-based product and antibiotics had similar effects on swelling, pain intensity, and successful healing. Additionally, patients and doctors were equally satisfied with the effects of both treatments on healing and recovery post-surgery.
Given the positive results of this study, cannabinoid-based products (such as oral gels) may have some utility for reducing antibiotic use, particularly in dental practice. Clinical research is necessary to determine if cannabinoid-based products are safe and effective following dental surgery. However, the American Dental Association warns that smoking cannabis is associated with periodontal complications and should be avoided prior to and after dental surgery.
Citation: Puisys A, Auzbikaviciute V, Kubilius R, Linkevicius R, Razukevicius D, Linkevicius T. Postoperative Healing Assessment Using Cannabinoids in Oral Surgery. EC Dental Science. 2019. 569-575.
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